Date Added: 20/01/2017

Date Updated: 20/01/2017

Emerging technologies for the diagnosis, treatment and management of epilepsy

Specialties: Neurology & neurosurgery

Technology Type: Other

Stage of development: Other

Stage of EAA: Assessment Complete

Description, patients and keywords:

Epilepsy is a common neurological condition that affects around 600,000 people in the UK (equivalent to almost 1 in 100 people). It causes sudden and unprovoked seizures (fits) that start in the brain. There are over 40 different types of epilepsy, and although the condition can start at any age, it is most commonly diagnosed in people under the age of 20 years. 

This NIHR HSRIC Horizon Scanning report presents 114 emerging technologies that were identified as being in early clinical stage research for epilepsy: 27 were anti-epileptic drugs and 87 were medical devices, procedures and techniques. These technologies are being developed for use right across the care pathway for epilepsy: 23 (20%) were tests for diagnosing epilepsy and 91 of the technologies (80%) were for the treatment and management of the condition.

 

Exciting advances are being made across a number of technological areas. For example, anti-epileptic drugs are being developed that can be taken in the form of an oil that can be taken my mouth or a gel that a caregiver can quickly rub onto the skin while a seizure is happening. So-called personalised ‘designer drugs’ are being developed that are tailored to an individual and work exclusively at their focal point of seizure onset.

 

Keywords:

Epilepsy, Epilepsies, Epileptic, Status epilepticus, SUDEP, Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy, Epileptogenic zone, EZ, Seizure, Sx, Brain, Absence seizure, Petit mal, Fit, Convulsion, Onset zone, Electroclinical syndrome, Neuroimaging, Neurological, Neurosurgery, Neurosurgical

This report is work in progress and should not be used for external distribution without permission from the originating agency. Users should be aware that reports are based on information available at the time of research and often on a limited literature search.